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Wine Glossary

Definition: Brix

Named for A. F. W. Brix, a nineteenth-century German inventor, the Brix scale is a system used in the United States to measure the sugar content of grapes and wine. The Brix (sugar content) is determined by a Hydrometer, which indicates a liquid's Specific Gravity (the density of a liquid in relation to that of pure water). Each degree Brix is equivalent to 1 gram of sugar per 100 grams of grape juice. The grapes for most Table Wines have a Brix reading of between 20¬? to 25¬? at harvest. About 55 to 60 percent of the sugar is converted into Alcohol. The estimated alcohol that a wine will produce (called potential alcohol) is estimated by multiplying the Brix reading by 0.55. Therefore, a 20¬? Brix will make a wine with about 11 percent alcohol.

Source: The Wine Lover's Companion, by Ron Herbst & Sharon Tyler Herbst

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Acidity

Ah-So

Ancient Vines

Arneis

Aroma

Assyrtiko

Auslese

AVA or appellation

Balance

Barbera

Barrique

Beaujolais

Beaujolais Nouveau

Beerenauslese

Big

Blanc de Blanc

Body

Bonded Winery

Bouquet

Brambly

Brett or Brettanomyces

Bricco

Brix

Brut

Carmenère

Cava

Cepage

Chai

Chaptalization

Claret

Cluster

Complex

Cork

Cork taint

Cork-tease

Crianza

Cult Wines

Cuvee

Decant; Decanting

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Denominazione di Origine Controllata

Disgorgement

Dosage

Dumb Wine or Dumb Phase

Durif

Earthy

Eiswein

Elegant

Enophile

Estate Bottled

Extra Dry

Fat

Federspiel

Fermentation

Filtering

Fining

Finish

Flabby

Fruit Forward

Fumé Blanc

Garnacha

Gewürztraminer

Grenache

Hogshead

Hot

House Wine

Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT)

Jug Wine(s)

Kabinett

Lagrein

Lees

Left Bank

Malolactic Fermentation

Mataro

Mencia

Meritage

Microbullage

Minerality

Monastrell

Monopole

Mourvedre

Muscadet

Muselet

Negociant

Nose

Oenophile

Off-dry

Old Vines

Oxidation

Palate

Palate Fatigue

Petit Verdot

Phylloxera

Pinot Blanc

Pinotage

Plonk

Pomace

Pouilly-Fuissé

Primitivo

Punch down

Punt

Qualitätswein mit Prädikat

Qualitätswein or QbA

Racking

Racy

Refractometer

Resveratrol

Right Bank

Roussanne

Sangiovese

Sec

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Smaragd

Soave

Sommelier

Spätlese

Sticky

Super Tuscan

Sur Lie

Table Wine

Tannin

Tastevin

Tempranillo

Terroir

Tinta Roriz

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Trockenbeerenauslese

Ullage

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Vieilles Vignes

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano

Vintage

Vintner

Weingut

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